Fuschia plants are shade-tolerant perennials that produce abundant blooms. The ornamental flowers grow in shades of pink, red, purple and white. The plant produces evergreen foliage, and the flowers have a tubular shape that attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Fuschia plants are commonly grown as container plants and only tolerate winter outdoors in the southernmost parts of the United States. The plants need protection during the winter in cooler climates.
1.Grow the fuschia plant in a location that receives bright and indirect sunlight. Plant the fuschia in loamy and well-drained soil. The fuschia grows best in a temperature range between 60 and 70 degrees F. The plant does not produce blooms above 76 degrees F.
2.Water the fuschia so the soil stays moist during the growing season. The plant needs weekly watering or whenever the top 1 inch of the soil feels dry. Reduce watering the plant during dormancy. Do not let the soil dry out completely and avoid overwatering the soil because it can cause root rot.
3.Apply an all-purpose fertilizer to the fuschia plant every two to four weeks in the spring and summer. Avoid fertilizing the fuschia plant during the fall and winter. A 20-20-20 NPK fertilizer provides fuschia with essential nutrients. Follow the dosage instructions on the fertilizer to apply it without damaging the plant.
4.Prune the fuschia plant by pinching the shoots off once two sets of leaves develop. Stop pruning the plant before the first frost arrives so that it prepares for the winter weather.
5.Transplant the fuschia to a new pot every two years. The plant often outgrows its container. Plant the fuschia once active growth begins in the spring. Remove the old soil from the plant’s roots and use a potting mix that consists of 1 part soil, 1 part vermiculate and 1 part peat moss. Always transplant the fuschia into a pot 3 to 4 inches larger in diameter.
6.Place the fuschia plant in a cool location during the winter with a temperature range between 45 and 50 degrees F. Reduce watering the plant, but do not allow the soil to dry out. Place the fuschia back in the original location when spring arrives.