Patricia Neal Biography ( 1926 – 2010 )

(born January 20, 1926, Packard, Ky., U.S.) American motion picture known for her deeply intelligent performances and for her rehabilitation and triumphant return to films following a series of strokes.

Neal studied theatre at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and then moved to New York City after landing an understudy assignment for the play The Voice of the Turtle (1946). By the following year, she was a student at the Actors Studio and had won a Tony Award for her performance in Another Part of the Forest. She attracted the attention of Hollywood scouts and landed a contract with Warner Brothers in 1948.

Though today regarded as dated and overwrought, Neal’s second film, director King Vidor’s adaptation of Ayn Rand’s The Fountainhead (1949), established her reputation as an intelligent and sophisticated actress. That film also introduced Neal to leading man Gary Cooper, with whom she also costarred in Bright Leaf (1950). Neal revealed in her autobiography, As I Am (1988), that Cooper had been the great love of her life; however, their affair ended shortly after their working collaboration. Neal married the popular author Roald Dahl in 1953, a union that lasted until their divorce in 1983.

Despite several fine performances and her work with such directors as Robert Wise, Michael Curtiz, and Douglas Sirk, Neal appeared in mostly mediocre films during the early 1950s. An exception was Wise’s science-fiction classic The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), in which Neal uttered the immortal line “Klaatu barada nikto!” Frustrated with her film career, Neal returned to the stage for a few years and received acclaim for her performances in New York and London. She worked again in film in 1957 with her strongest vehicle to date, Elia Kazan’s A Face in the Crowd, in which she costarred opposite Andy Griffith. She delivered one of her most renowned performances in Hud (1963) and won the best actress Oscar for her efforts.

In 1965, while filming director John Ford’s final film, Seven Women (1966), Neal suffered a series of severe strokes. She remained unconscious for three weeks; upon awakening, she was paralyzed on her right side and unable to speak. She took an unconventional approach to rehabilitation and consulted with doctors around the world. Remarkably, she recovered within two years. Her first public appearance after her stroke came during the 1967 Oscar telecast, during which Neal received an enormous standing ovation. Any doubts as to her ability to continue acting were soon quelled by a magnificent performance in her comeback film, The Subject Was Roses (1968), for which she received another Oscar nomination. Her struggles and triumphs were chronicled in the 1981 television film The Story, which starred Glenda Jackson as Neal.

Neal’s health problems overshadowed her later accomplishments as an actress, and—though she subsequently gave standout performances in TV and films—her career never completely recovered. Thereafter she devoted much of her time to charitable and religious causes.

Academy Award-winning actress Patricia Neal died on Sunday at the age of 84. Neal, who struggled in recent years with lung cancer, died surrounded by family at her home in Edgartown, Massachusetts. The death was announced by friend Edward S. Albers.

Neal won a Best Actress Oscar in 1964 for her role in the film Hud, which also starred Paul Newman. A year later, at the age of 39, Neal suffered three strokes. Upon waking from her month-long coma, Neal was paralyzed and left unable to speak. She eventually recovered from the incident, however, returning to work for 1968’s The Subject Was Roses. The film would snag her an Oscar nomination.

After her miraculous rehabilitation, the actress helped support The Patricia Neal Rehabilitation Center in Knoxville, Tennessee, a facility which helps people recover from strokes, as well as spinal cord and brain injuries. She also worked to raise money for the cause through speaking engagements.

Neal is survived by her four children, Tessa, Ophelia, Theo and Lucy; brother, Pete Neal; sister Margaret Anne VanderNoord; 10 grandchildren and step grandchildren; and one great-grandchild.

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