As children grow, they become aware of the passing of time and begin to associate the concept with clocks and watches. School-age children are ready to understand the concept of telling time when they can count at least to 12 and ideally up to 60. Being able to count by five also helps children identify the minutes of an analog clock. Telling time can be taught in one session or over a period of days.
1.Show students an analog clock. Ask how many big numbers are on the clock. Review the numbers with students by pointing to each number and having them call it out.
2.Show students the hour hand. Explain when the hour hand moves from one number to the next an hour has passed. Provide examples of activities students could do in an hour, such as play soccer or take a nap. Move the analog clock to different hours while keeping the minute hand on the 12. Ask the students to indicate the time and have them write it down on a worksheet.
3.Show students the minute hand. Explain when the minute hand moves from one mark to the next a minute has passed. Provide examples of activities students could perform in a minute, such as making a sandwich or flossing teeth.
4.Practice counting up to the number 60. Explain to the student there are 60 minutes in an hour. When the minute hand moves from one mark to another, five minutes have passed. Move the minute hand to each mark while keeping the hour hand on the 12. Ask the students to indicate the time and have them write it down on the worksheet.
5.Review the lesson by changing the hour and minute hands and asking the students to indicate the time.
6.Reinforce the lesson with homework by having the students sketch their daily schedules in clock form on a piece of paper.